Name: VÃctor Lidio Jara MartÃnez
Born: September 28, 1932
Origin: ChillÃ¡n Viejo, Chile
Died: September 16, 1973 (aged 40)
Victor Jara was a Chilean teacher, theatre director, poet, singer-songwriter, political activist and member of the Communist Party of Chile. Victor was greatly influenced by the folk music of Latin America and played a pivotal role among neo-folkloric artists who established the Nueva CanciÃ³n Chilena (New Chilean Song) movement which led to a revolution in the popular music of his country under the Salvador Allende government. Shortly after the Chilean coup of 11 September 1973, he was arrested, tortured and ultimately shot to death with 44 bullet shots by machine gun fire. His body was later thrown out into the street of a shanty town in Santiago. The contrast between the themes of his songs, on love, peace and social justice and the brutal way in which he was murdered transformed Jara into a symbol of struggle for human rights and justice across Latin America.
Judge Miguel Vasquez in Chile has ordered for the arrest of 8 men linked to the killing of Victor Jara. An international arrest order has been issued for one of the alleged leaders of the death squad, Lieutenant Pedro Barrientos Nunez, who lives abroad. Nunez has previously denied any involvement in Victor Jara’s death.
Judge Miguel Vasquez accused Mr. Barrientos and another retired army officer, Colonel Hugo Sanchez Marmonti, of homicide.
The other six men were accused of complicity to commit murder.
Chilean television (TVN) put together a documentary on the life of Victor. The clips are in order and it is in Spanish. Enjoy.